What Are Coevolutionary Relationships?

The association between pollinators and blooming plants is a popular example of coevolution in plants. Specifically, flowering plants and bees have coevolved for millions of years. The reaction between Kratom and humans is another common and ancient example.

In the bees’ scenario, they gain nectar or food, whereas the plants receive the ability to stay collected and pollen dispersion. But coevolutionary relationships are not always beneficial to both or more parties.

For instance, the interaction between a predator and its prey is also a coevolutionary relationship.


● Competitive relationships.

● The connection between the parasite and its host is a difficult one.

● Pollination by bees on flowers.

● Mutualistic relationships.


Pollinators and bees come from a group of mutualistic species. In this group, both parties take advantage of the coevolutionary relationship. But sadly, there is a lack of committed research on plants and animals coevolution. However, this did not hinder the scientists from suggesting potential human-plant relationships recently.

This proposes whether individuals have assisted the development of plants similar to Premium Green Vein Borneo, which is very famous.

To see whether Kratom and humans display a coevolutionary relationship, we have to know the natural selection procedure and how it influences the participating sides, including geographic location and selected pressures. First, let’s slightly go over common ecological terms.

Natural Selection

A lot of us have learned about natural selection in schools. It’s the process of how plants have adapted to and alternated in reaction to environmental factors. Natural selection is believed to be at the root of all evolution, and it is one detail of development. 

Selective Pressures

Environmental factors that species react to in the evolution procedure are called evolutionary pressures. For instance, Southern California can have strong sunshine, salty ocean air, an absence of shade, dry terrain, and similar selection pressures. 

Moreover, both abiotic and biotic selective forces are present. Here are some of the most typical selection pressures:


● Sunlight

● Parasitism

● Competition

● Shelter

● Pollutants

● Changes in the climate

● Predation

● Temperature

● Clearance of land


Mitragyna Speciosa is generally grown in Southeast Asia, where high heat, great humidity, strong sunshine, excess land clearance, storms, and other variables contribute to the selective pressures. As it has developed in reaction to these forces, Mitragyna boosts under these settings.

Geographical Regions

People can reside in many settings, such as high alpine sierras, inflexible tundras, and tropical rainforests. But such a diverse variety of living patterns do not extend outside human civilizations. 

Undoubtedly, it is way more common for a species to be limited to a rigid geographic location. The geographic range of a particular species is known as this.

Mitragyna’s geographic distribution is mostly limited to Thailand, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Myanmar, and Malaysia as a plant species. 

It would take a rare coevolutionary process for the plant to spread beyond this geographic location, where people enter.

Is The Coevolutionary Relationship Between Kratom And Humans Impacted By People?

Consider the connection between Kratom and humans for a moment – when consumed, the alkaloids created by the plant’s leaves are prominent. As a consequence, people plant more trees to gain these alkaloids. 

People have evolved to receive more alkaloids, and Mitragyna developed to generate more alkaloids to fulfill the man’s curiosity about the tree.

The planting ratios of Speciosa are working as a selective pressure, impacting how the herb has chosen to evolve and refine the survival for itself. 

For instance, as per recent research, Fritillaria Delavayi plants in China enhanced their camouflage levels in areas that were more properly harvested.

But when it comes to Speciosa, the coevolutionary process is going in the opposite direction. The plants appear to be developing to cater to people’s interests instead of repelling them.


Moreover, imagine other countries growing Mitragyna Speciosa due to the increasing fame. In this case, the tree species will be capable enough to extend from the geographic location limits in Southeast Asia, refining the probabilities of survival. 

Plant dispersion is a usual human procedure that includes transferring the species to a new home that is different from where it was originally found.

The Evolution Of Kratom And Humans

The evolution of trees like Kratom and humans is speculative. Sadly, there is insufficient research on the coevolutionary process between individuals and plants and minimal on Mitragyna in general.

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But we need to raise such questions as part of our continued research on the mysterious Mitragyna tree and its primary alkaloids.

Take the example of cannabis – another human-plant relationship. Cannabis cultivars showed a THC level of less than 5% in the ’60s. On average, cannabis displayed a THC level of roughly 0.5%. Currently, the cannabis, kratom strains usually surpass 30% THC, maybe due to bigger human consumption.

The same thing might be happening with Mitragyna Speciosa. If the THC level of cannabis is boosted by 29.5% in 60 years, can’t the same be said for Mitragyna’s alkaloids? More detailed research is needed to understand this phenomenon in cannabis and Kratom in form of powder and capsules.

Human-plant relationships, on the other hand, are a vital endeavor. Inspecting how variables like geographical features and natural selection influence flora and fauna allow us to respect Mother Nature, prevent climate disasters, and improve the potency of Speciosa.

The Evolutionary Biological Concept

Plants and other autotrophic organisms have curated an impressive host of chemical defense mechanisms to avoid heterotrophic predators, like fungi, insects, microorganisms, and vertebrate herbivores.

As an outcome of an intense and uninterrupted evolutionary arms race, the association between plants and creatures that consume them is one of antagonism. The surviving biota – heterotrophs depend on autotrophs for vital energy and raw materials.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1) What Can We Learn From The Coevolutionary Relationship Between Kratom And Humans?

From all the coevolutionary relationships, including the one between Kratom and humans, the species can easily live side-by-side in the same habitat and react to each other’s existence.

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2) Is The Association Between Kratom And Humans The Only Human-Plant One?

No, individuals have been living with plants for centuries. If you look up the internet, you will find more similar instances between Kratom and humans.

3) What Changes Are Expected If The Relationship Between Kratom And Humans Is Experimented With?

As people were going after the alkaloids of Mitragyna Speciosa, this content increased in plants. So now, people wonder if the same technique can be applied to make the ancient plant grow in the regions where it is currently unavailable.